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ABA Therapy

What is it?

"ABA is an evidence-based best practice in that it has passed scientific tests of its usefulness, quality, and effectiveness by the U.S. Surgeon General and the American Psychological Association."

Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based, well-developed scientific approach to understanding behaviour. Behaviour therapy is based on the principles of ABA that emphasis on behavioural change, the association between environment and behaviours and how learning takes place. It focuses on increasing desirable behaviours and decreasing inappropriate or harmful behaviours in individuals using positive reinforcement.
 

ABA Therapy requires direct observation and measurement on target behaviours. After careful and accurate analysis of why a person exhibits certain behaviour, Behaviour analysts then implement the scientific principles of learning, behavioural strategies such as Errorless Learning (EL), Pivotal Response Training (PRT), Discrete Trial Training (DTT), Natural Environment Teaching (NET), Self-Management to intervene. They also make modifications in the client’s surrounding environment, including Antecedents (what occurs before a behaviour) and consequences (what occurs after a behaviour).

 

Behaviour analysts utilize systematic data collection in the practice of ABA in order to ensure client’s behaviour program is objective, dynamic, and most importantly, effective. It acts as a fidelity check for the effectiveness of client’s Individualized Behaviour Plan (IBP), allowing the behaviour therapist to evaluate if the therapy is working and whether necessary changes should be made.

 

The ultimate goal of ABA is to establish and improve socially important behaviours such as social, communication, academic and self-help skills; basically any essential skills that would lead to independence and meaningful outcomes in the life of an individual.

ABA Therapy programs can address concerns such as:

  • Play and social skills

  • Emotion recognition and regulation skills
  • Listener responding skills 
  • Language & communication skills
  • Fine & gross motor skills 
  • Preschool developmental skills 
  • Attention Span 
  • School readiness skills
  • ​Self-help skills 

  • Personal independence 

  • Academic skills 

  • Maladaptive Behaviours

Who can benefit from ABA Behaviour Therapy?

  • Individuals with problematic behaviours

    • Aggressive behaviours, Tantrum behaviours, Self-injurious behaviours, etc.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Mental Retardation (MR)

  • Developmental Delays 

  • Anxiety Disorder

  • Depression 

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD)